Post Of The Week – Sunday 12th July 2015

1) Neuroscience In Education Our course includes a section on applications of theories of cognitive development to education. We consider the influence of the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. Since these theories became popular 40 years ago, neuroscience has developed our understanding of so many aspects of the brain. The question arises as to whether this understanding can be applied to education. This article explains some of the issues.

http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2015/jul/12/neuroscience-solve-mystery-how-students-learn?CMP=share_btn_tw

While on the subject of applications to education, here is a news article about Philosophy For Children.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-33464258

I first came across Philosophy For Children 20 years ago when I was doing my degree. The claims here are startling. Crucially, as the link below makes clear, these claims are based on a randomised controlled trial.

https://educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk/news/philosophy-sessions-for-disadvantaged-ten-year-olds-can-boost-their-reading-writing-and-maths-result/

2) Stigma And Stereotype

There’s been some fine work already this year on attitudes to mental illness. Some work by students in 12D has got me looking at how stigma associated with male stereotyping is being addressed. This work from Australia is impressive and evolving.

http://www.stateofmindsport.org

Andrew Flintoff talks about his experience of illness about 20 minutes into Desert Island Discs. Listen here.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b060yk4m

3) Dorothy Bishop

Here is Dorothy Bishop talking on The Life Scientific. She is a developmental psychologist, focusing on language development.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b060zq8m

Here she is on her blog writing about replication. http://deevybee.blogspot.co.uk/2015/07/publishing-replication-failures-some.html

With data coming in from projects, issues of replicability and significance are right at the front of my mind. Her comments here are balanced and wise.

4) The Brain’s Filing System

Next year’s AS will require us to study more aspects of memory than the current AS. The concepts which it covers were first investigated using behavioural research in the 1960s. Since then, neuroscience has taken us inside the brain to see how the processes the theories proposed actually work. Here is a summary from the BBC.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-33380677

5) Internet Based Interventions For Depression

We have got interested in the way in which CBT can be delivered online as a method to treat depression. However, just because something is online does not mean that people will use it. This study investigates what happens when people are encouraged to access online therapy using a motivational video.

http://www.nationalelfservice.net/treatment/other/internet-based-treatment/internet-based-interventions-for-depression-how-can-we-increase-acceptance/

Still a long way to go.

6) A New Brain Atlas

Much of what we know about the brain is based on fMRI. This focuses on grey matter and on structures. What we know less about is how these different structures communicate with each other, in particular the white matter which connects cells together.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150709103058.htm#.VZ6K2lveyAs.twitter

This represents a step forward.

7) CBT Losing Efficacy

I wrote about this a little while ago. Here is Vaughan Bell explaining why this isn’t just an issue for CBT.

http://mindhacks.com/2015/07/08/cbt-is-becoming-less-effective-like-everything-else/

The implication for us is that text books which use studies from 20 years ago as evidence for the effectiveness of therapies may be overstating their case.

8) Separated Twins In Columbia

This is a crazy story but also fascinating.

http://edition.cnn.com/videos/world/2015/07/10/two-sets-of-twins-switched-at-birth-silverstein-intv-nr.cnn?sr=fb071015twinsswitched9pVODLink

You can read the full story here.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/12/magazine/the-mixed-up-brothers-of-bogota.html?_r=0

9) CIA And APA

I assume everyone knows what the CIA is. The APA is the American Psychological Association. There has been concern for a while about the involvement of psychologists in the interrogation of prisoners.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/11/us/psychologists-shielded-us-torture-program-report-finds.html

What’s becoming clear is that collusion in this process was more widespread than first thought. The role of Philip Zimbardo is increasingly coming under scrutiny, as this blog post shows.

http://zacherydtaylor.blogspot.co.uk/2015/05/american-psychological-association.html

Advertisements

One comment

  1. Reblogged this on Psych n Stats Tutor and commented:
    Shared ~:-) very common for students to be asked to compare these theories. And they are so complementary, biopsych and physical enviro, emotions and social environment interaction

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: